**PHYS 109****. A History of the Universe** (3-0-3) I, II. A conceptual approach to the ideas of modern astrophysics and cosmology for non-scientists. The ideas of classical physics. Einstein's theory of relatively, quantum mechanics, fundamentals particles and forces, matter and antimatter, modern cosmology, and the Big Bang will be explored. This course satisfies the area studies-natural and mathematical sciences for general education.

**PHYS 110****. (Formerly SCI 200) Concepts in Astronomy.** (3-0-3); I, II. An introduction to the study of astronomical phenomena: motions of the sky, planetary science, the sun as a star, solar astrophysics, stars and stellar evolution, and cosmology-the structure and evolution of the universe. This course satisfies the area studies-natural and mathematical sciences for general education.

**PHYS 199****. Selected Topics.** (1 to 6 hrs.); on demand.

**PHYS 201****. Elementary Physics I.** (3-0-3); I, II, III. Prerequisite: One of the following: MATH 141, MATH 174, MATH 175, CHEM 111, ACT MATH Subscore 22 or above. Kinematics, laws of motion, work and energy, impulse and momentum. Gravitation, rotation and equilibrium. Elasticity, fluids and simple harmonic motion. Heat, heat transfer, thermodynamics, waves and sound. This course satisfies the area studies-natural and mathematical sciences for general education.

**PHYS 201A****. Elementary Physics I Laboratory.** (0-2-1); I, II, III. Must take concurrently with PHYS 201. Laboratory for PHYS 201.

**PHYS 202****. Elementary Physics II.** (3-0-3); I, II, III. Prerequisite: PHYS 201 or EET 141. Electricity and magnetism, light and optics, atomic and nuclear physics.

**PHYS 202A****. Elementary Physics II Laboratory.** (0-2-1); I, II, III. Must take concurrently with PHYS 202. Laboratory for PHYS 202.

PHYS 211. Circuits. (3-2-4); on demand. Prerequisite: MATH 275; Co-requisite: PHYS 232. Linear circuits consisting of passive and active circuit elements; sinusoidal-forcing functions and phasors; steady-state response.

**PHYS 221****. Statics.** (3-0-3); II. Prerequisites: MATH 275 and PHYS 231. Vector algebra, moments of force, equivalent force systems, equilibrium, trusses, frames, beams, friction, centroids, and moments of inertia.

**PHYS 231****. Engineering Physics I.** (4-0-4); I. Co-requisite: MATH 275. Introduction to physics for scientists and engineers. Motion, statics, kinetics, and dynamics of linear and rotational motion. Work, energy, and power. Gravitational fields, waves and fluids. Thermal properties of matter and heat transfer. This course satisfies the area studies-natural and mathematical sciences for general education.

**PHYS 231A****. Engineering Physics I Laboratory.** (0-2-1); I. Must be taken concurrently with PHYS 231. Laboratory for PHYS 231.

**PHYS 232****. Engineering Physics II.** (4-0-4); II. Prerequisite: PHYS 231. Electromagnetism, optics, atomic and nuclear physics.

**PHYS 232A****. Engineering Physics II Laboratory.** (0-2-1); II. Must be taken concurrently with PHYS 232. Laboratory for PHYS 232.

**PHYS 239****. Cooperative Education.** (1-8 hrs.); I, II, III. Participation in supervised work experience in a professional environment. Department approval is required.

**PHYS 299****. Selected Topics.** (1 to 6 hrs.); on demand.

**PHYS 320****. The Science of Music.** (3-0-3); on demand. Properties of sound, the hearing process, musical scales, production of music by wind and stringed instruments, electronic recording and reproduction, and architectural acoustics.

**PHYS 324****. Radio Astronomy.** (3-0-3). Prerequisite: PHYS, 110 or PHYS 201 or equivalent. A study of astrophysically interesting phenomena utilizing the techniques of the science of radio astronomy; topics include galactic structure, radio galaxies, cosmic jets and black holes, interstellar molecules and instru-mentation in radio astronomy, with a major emphasis in the methods of research in experimental astrophysics.

**PHYS 332****. Electricity and Magnetism.** (4-0-4); II in alternate years. Prerequisite: PHYS 232. Classical electricity and magnetism, Maxwell's equations, Lorentz force equation; electrodynamics, electrostatics, and magnetostatics; circuit theory, electromagnetic waves, and radiating systems.

**PHYS 339****. Cooperative Education** (1-8 hrs.); I, II, III. Participation in supervised work experience in a professional environment. Department approval is required.

**PHYS 340****. Experimental Physics.** (1-4-3); in alternate years. Prerequisite: PHYS 232. Selected experiments from classical and modern physics. Computer analysis and simulation.

**PHYS 350****. Nuclear Science.** (3-2-4); II. Prerequisite: PHYS 202. An interdisciplinary course in nuclear science and technology. Topics include, nuclear and particle physics, radioactive decay processes, radiation interaction wit matter, biological effects of radiation, human exposure to radiation, dose calculations, nuclear medicine, industrial and nuclear power applications, and radiation related science and society issues.

**PHYS 353****. Concepts of Modern Physics.** (4-0-4); I. Prerequisite: PHYS 232. Special relativity, quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structure, solid state and nuclear physics.

**PHYS 361****. Fundamentals of Electronics.** (2-2-3); I. Prerequisite: PHYS 202-202A, 232-232A or EET 141. A survey of electronics: components, basic circuits, transducers, op-amps, digital circuits, microprocessors, and interfacing.

**PHYS 381****. Computer Solutions to Engineering and Science Problems.** (3-0-3); on demand. Prerequisites: PHYS 232 and MATH 260. Applications of computer programming to problems in engineering and physics. Problems will be selected from statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, thermodynamics, and electricity and magnetism, with an extended problem selected from the student's major area of interest.

**PHYS 391****. Dynamics.** (3-0-3); I in alternate years. Prerequisite: PHYS 221 or 231. A study of motion of bodies. Kinematics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies; work and energy; impulse and momentum.

**PHYS 399****. Selected Topics.** (1 to 6 hrs.); on demand.

**PHYS 410****. Solid State Physics.** (3-0-3); on demand. Prerequisite: PHYS 353. Lattice dynamics, electrons in metals, semi-conductors, and dielectric and magnetic properties of solids.

**PHYS 411****. Thermodynamics.** (3-0-3); II. Prerequisite: PHYS 231. First and second laws of thermodynamics, power and refrigeration cycles, statistical thermodynamics, relations among properties, and equations of state.

**PHYS 412****. Light and Physical Optics.** (3-0-3); on demand. Prerequisite: PHYS 232. Dualistic nature of light; interference, refraction, reflection, diffraction, polarization, laser action, and spectra.

**PHYS 439****. Cooperative Education** (1-8 hrs.); I, II, III. Participation in supervised work experience in a professional environment. Departmental approval is required.

**PHYS 452****. Nuclear Physics.** (3-0-3); on demand. Prerequisite: PHYS 232. Binding energies, nuclear forces, transmutation of nuclei; natural and artificial radioactivity.

**PHYS 476****. Special Problems.** (1 to 6 hrs.); I, II, III. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Topic to be approved prior to registration.

**PHYS 481****. Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists.** (3-0-3); on demand. Prerequisite: MATH 276. Fourier series, ordinary and partial differential equations, special functions, and integral transforms. (See MATH 481.)

**PHYS 493****. Quantum Mechanics.** (3-0-3); on demand. Prerequisite: PHYS 353 or consent of instructor. The wave function; Hermitian operators and angular momentum; Schrodinger's equation, barriers, wells, harmonic oscillators, and the hydrogen atom.

**PHYS 499****. Selected Topics.** (1 to 6 hrs.); on demand.