Student Life
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Controlled Substances ----- Uses and Effects   

Drugs CSA Schedules                                                                

Trade or Other Name                             Medical Uses   PhysicalDependence Psychological Dependence Tolerance Duration (hours) Usual Methods of Administration Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome

  NARCOTICS

Opium                        II III V

Dover’s Powder, Paregoric Parapectolin

Analgesic

anti-diarrheal

High

High

Yes

3-6

Oral, smoked

Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea

Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death

Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic, cramps, nausea, chills and sweating

Morphine                       II III

Morphine, MS Contin, Roxanol, Roxanol-SR

Analgesic,             anti-tussive

High

High

Yes

3-6

Oral, smoked, injected

Codeine                       II III V

Tylenol w/codeine, Empirin w/codeine, Robitussin A-C, Fiorinal w/codeine

Analgesic,             anti-tussive

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

3-6

Oral, Injected

Heroin                                  I

Diacetylmorphine, Horse, Smack

None

High

High

Yes

3-6

Injected, snif-fed, smoked

Hydromorphone                  I

Dilaudid

Analgesic

High

High

Yes

3-6

Oral, injected

Meperidine (Pethidine)        II

Demerol, Mepergan

Analgesic

High

High

Yes

3-6

Oral, injected

Methadone                          II

Dolophine,Methadone,Methadose

Analgesic

High

High/Low

Yes

12-24

Oral, injected

Other narcotics           I II III 

                                      IV V

Numorphan, Percodan, Percocet, Tylox, Tussionex, Fentanyl, Darvon, Lomotil, Talwin

Analgesic,             anti-diarrheal,       anti-tussive

High/Low

High/Low

Yes

Variable

Oral, injected

DEPRESSANTS

Chloral Hydrate                 IV

Noctec

Hypnotic

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

5-8

Oral

Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol

Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, possible death

Anxiety, Insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, possible death

Barbiturates              II III IV

Amytal, Butisol, Fioninal, Lotusate, Nembutal, Seconal, Tuinal, Phenobarbital

Anesthetic, anti-convulsant, sedative, hypnotic, veterinary euthanasia agent

High-Mod

High-Mod

Yes

1-16

Oral

Benzodiazepines               IV

Ativan, Dalmane, Diazepam, Librium, Xanax, Serax, Valium, Tranxene, Verstran, Versed, Halcion, Paxipam, Restoril

Anti-anxiety,      anti-convulsant, sedative, hypnotic

Low

Low

Yes

4-8

Oral

Methaqualone                      I

Quaalude

Sedative, hypnotic

High

High

Yes

4-8

Oral

Glutethimide                     III

Doriden

Sedative, hypnotic

High

High-Mod

Yes

4-8

Oral

Other depressants         III IV

Equanil, Miltown, Noluder, Placidyl, Valmid

Anti-anxiety, sedative hypnetic

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

4-8

Oral

STIMULANTS

Cocaine                              II

Coke, Flake, Snow, Crack

Local anesthetic

Possible

High

Yes

12

Sniffed, smo-ked, injected

Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite

Agitation, increase in body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death

Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation

Amphetamines                   II

Biphetamine, Delcobese, Desoxyn, Dexedrine, Obetrol

Attention deficit disorders, weight control

Possible

High

Yes

2-4

Oral, injected

Phenmetrazine                   II

Preludin

Weight control

Possible

High

Yes

2-4

Oral, injected

Methylphenidate                II

Ritalin

Attention: deficit disorders, narcolepsy

Possible

Moderate

Yes

2-4

Oral, injected

Other Stimulants           III IV

Adipex, Cylert, Didrex, Ionamin, Melfiat, Plegine, Sanorex, Tenuate, Tepanil, Prelu-2

Weight Control

Possible

High

Yes

2-4

Oral, injected

HALLUCINOGENS

LSD                                    I

Acid, Microdot

None

None

Unknown

Yes

8-12

Oral

Illusions and hallucinations, poor perception of time and distance

Longer, more intense ‘trip’ episodes, psychosis, possible death

Withdrawal syndrome not reported

Mescaline and Peyote          I

Mesc, Buttons, Cactus

None

None

Unknown

Yes

8-12

Oral

Amphetamine Variants       I

2, 5- DMA, PMA, STP, MDA, MDMA, TMA, DOM, DOB

None

Unknown

Unknown

Yes

Variable

Oral, injected

Phencyclidine                    II

PCP, Angle Dust, Hog

None

Unknown

High

Yes

Days

Smoked, oral, injected

Phencyclidine Analogues    I

PCE, PCPy, TCP

None

Unknown

High

Yes

Days

Smoked, oral, inject, sniffed

Other Hallucinogens          I

Bufotenine, Ibogaine, DMT, DET, Psilocybin, Psilocyn

None

None

Unknown

Possible

Variable

Smoked, oral,  injected

CANNABIS

Marijuana                           I

Pot, Acapulco Gold, Grass, Thai Sticks

None

Unknown

Moderate

Yes

2-4

Smoked, oral

Euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, disorientated behavior

Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis

Insomnia, hyper-activity, and decreased appetite occasionally reported

Tetrahydrocannabinol     I II

THC, Marinol

Cancer Chemotherapy

Unknown

Moderate

Yes

2-4

Smoked, oral

Hashish                              I

Hash

None

Unknown

Moderate

Yes

2-4

Smoked, oral

Hashish Oil                         I

Hash Oil

None

Unknown

Moderate

Yes

2-4

Smoked, oral